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Undergraduate Research Scholar Program: APA citations

Tips on secondary research

APA Style Tutorial

In-text citations

In-Text Citations:

These citations appear in parentheses and usually consist of the author(s) last name(s) (do not include author initials), date (year), and page number(s) of the source you are citing.

Examples:

Louv (2012) states that the lack of outside activity is a “Nature Deficit Disorder” (p. 34).

Two authors:

“Teachers who provide nature play set the stage for lifelong approaches to learning” (Talbot & Frost, 2014, p. 21).

References

Example Citations

Book:

Author’s Name (Last name, Initials). (Year). Title of work. Edition statement. Publisher.

Print example:

Ondaatje, M. (1993). The English patient: A novel (1st Vintage International ed.). Vintage Books.

Scholarly Journal Article – Electronic

Author’s Name (Last name, Initials). (Date). Title of article. Journal Title, Volume #(Issue # Not

            italicized), Pages. DOI # (written as hyperlink – e.g., https://doi.org/10...) Use DOI

            number rather than URL; no database information needed unless required by instructor

Example:

Livingstone, S., & Helsper, E. J. (2008). Parental mediation of children’s internet use.

            Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 52(4), 581-500.

            doi:10.1.1080/08838150802437396

Magazine article:

Author’s name ((Last name, Initials). (Date). Title of article. Magazine Title, Volume(Issue),

            Pages. DOI number or URL

Example:

Kisner, J. (2020, April). Reiki can’t possibly work. So why does it? The Atlantic.

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2020/04/reiki-cant-possibly-work-so-why-does-it/606808

Print Example:

Kunzig, R. (2020, March). The end of trash. National Geographic, 42-71.

Newspaper article:

Author’s name (Last name, Initials). (Date). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, page number or

            URL.

Example:

Amiri, E., & Nissenbaum, D. (2020, March 9). Afghanistan’s presidential rivals hold parallel

inaugurations. The Wall Street Journal, www.wsj.com/articles/afghanistans-presidential-rivals-hold-parallel-inaugurations-11583754822

Articles from a website:

Author’s name (Last name, Initials). (Date). Title of article. Title of Website. URL.

Example:

What is organic food, and is it better than non-organic? (2016 May 14). Healthline.

            http://www.healthline.com/nutrition/what-is-organic-food#section2