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There are different types of periodicals: popular, trade, and scholarly. So if you want to find scholarly articles, you need to make sure you are searching in scholarly journals or periodicals. Scholarly articles are also sometimes called peer-reviewed. Scholarly articles and journals are published by experts in their field as a way to communicate research in an open, accessible and transparent way and to keep a running account of research and thought related to a given topic. Peer-reviewed means that the article has been reviewed by other experts in the same field prior to publication.
There are a few clues that you are looking at a scholarly or peer-reviewed article. These are:
- The author(s) are named and include relevant credentials after their names or affiliations with universities
- There is a lengthy list of citations or a bibliography at the end of the article
- The article is lengthy
- The article does not include pictures but charts, graphs and statistics
- It follows a standard format for research articles with sections such as objectives, methods, results, discussion, and conclusion
- It is published in a scholarly journal