original research, experiment results, ethnographies, interviews, surveys, data sets
Reviews of the literature or literature reviews, critical interpretations of scholarly studies, Journal articles that do not present new research.
This brief tutorial was developed by the University of Washington.
So what exactly is Empirical Research?
Empirical research is based on observed and measured phenomena and derives knowledge from actual experience rather than from theory or belief.
Key characteristics to look for:
•Statement about the methodology being used
•Research questions to be answered
•Definition of the group or phenomena being studied
•Process used to study this group or phenomena, including any controls or instruments such as tests or surveys
Ask yourself while reading: could I recreate this study and test these results? And remember, the abstract of the article should provide a description of the methodology.